Abdominal surgeries can be performed either by open method or by laparoscopic method. In laparoscopic surgery small holes are created to enter into the tummy. Telescope is kept inside the tummy. This is connected to a camera and camera is connected to a monitor. Surgery is performed by viewing in the monitor and using long thin instruments kept inside the tummy through small holes. As the holes are very small compared to open surgery, laparoscopic surgery is also called as minimal access surgery.
Open surgery is performed by cutting the tummy, while laparoscopic surgery is performed by creating small holes in the tummy. Surgery performed is more or less same in both types of surgeries. But method of access is different. Because of minimal access in laparoscopic surgery, patient will have certain advantages.
Patients will have significantly less post operative pain after laparoscopic surgery.
Reduced postoperative stay in the hospital.
Reduced complications like postoperative lung collapse and lung infections, blood clots in the legs.